Label is defined as:
A mark, sign or tag that is placed on an object or merchandise, for identification, assessment, classification, etc., i.e. all that legend, image or other descriptive or graphic element or sign, written, printed, stamped, marked, engraved, adhered to or subjected to the packaging or on the product itself.
Labeling is defined by:
Any information, written, printed or graphical relating to a product, that must necessarily accompany it when it presents itself for the consumer sales.
One of the most important functions of labelling is to identify the product owner, which can be the manufacturer, the distributor, the seller, the importer or even the marquis.
Product labelling is your business card and also your guarantee of quality.
As a general rule, textile products, to be put into the market, must be properly labelled. All indications which appear on the labelling shall be clearly indicated in characters visible and easily legible by the consumer, it being obligatory that they appear at least in the official language of the state from which they are supplied.
- COMPOSITION LABELLING:
It should be borne in mind that the textile products will be marketed only if they are labelled or marked or accompanied by commercial documents in accordance with EU Regulation 1007/2011.
The most common compositions are:
|CA||Acetate, or Rayon Acetate|
|CV||Viscose or Viscose Rayon|
|PA||Polyamide – Nylon|
2. LABELLING INFORMATION:
The information that must be present on the labels, according to the regulations in force, is the following:
- Identification of the manufacturer, trader, distributor or importer.
- Composition of the article.
On a voluntary basis:
- Preservation of the article.
- Information on important parameters for use and maintenance.
- Ecological labels, such as the Oeko-Tex label and Made in Green, others.
- GENERAL LABELLING REGULATIONS:
Regulation No. 1007/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2011. This Regulation is binding in its entirety and directly applicable in each Member State. From May 8, 2012.
- General specifications:
Voluntary indications or information, such as resistance to pilling, fireproof, waterproof, non-shrinkable, conservation symbols, etc. They must appear clearly differentiated.
All mandatory particulars must appear with characters clearly visible and easily visible to the consumer.
All particulars must appear on the label in the official language of the State.
- Placement of the label:
The label shall be of any resistant material, the labelling and marking of textile products shall be durable.
It shall be legible, visible and easily accessible.
- Required information:
The identification of the person responsible for the garment or textile product: name or business name or designation of the manufacturer, trader or importer and his domicile.
The composition of the article: it is the % of the fibers that compose the article.
Preservation labelling is not mandatory, although it is an increasingly common practice. For this reason, depending on the country, the symbols change.
The ones we’re most used to seeing are:
Eco-labelling is a label that has the purpose of identify companies, products or services that meet certain criteria of “environmental goodness.
We can find it:
OEKOTEX-TEX 100 is a test and test system worldwide unified certification for raw textile products, Intermediate and finishing at all stages of the process. Based on the analysis of the presence, and in what quantity, of a range of substances harmful to health.
There are currently 15 member institutes. In Spain it is AITEX the laboratory authorised to award the OEKO-TEX label.